The beginnings of link building
In Google’s ideal world, good websites create unique and useful content which is in turn shared and discussed across other websites – creating links which lead back to that original website.
These links form the “backlink profile” of that website. The more links a website accumulates, the higher the quality of the linking website and the more natural that link appears to be, the higher the ranking of the original website. A good backlink profile was considered an indication of an authoritative, active, useful and trustworthy website.
By “natural”, we mean a link that has been created organically – without any manufacturing or intervention. Because of course, when it became common knowledge that a backlink profile had a positive effect of rankings, so-called “Black Hat” SEOs began to manipulate the practice, creating false backlink profiles filled with spammy links to boost their rankings.
Enter the Penguin
Over time, this led to poor quality websites grabbing the top slots on Google search engine results pages (SERPs), which is the opposite of what search engines want. The idea behind a search engine is to deliver the most relevant and useful information to users as possible. Needless to say – spammy websites with nothing else to offer do not fit this bill! Something needed to be done to stop this from happening.
And this is where Google’s now infamous algorithm updates came along. In 2012, Google Penguin was rolled out. This update to the search algorithm was designed to penalise those websites with suspicious or manufactured-looking back link profiles. What counts as a spammy link?
Too many links from one single source and links from completely irrelevant or low-quality websites would both be factors that raise Google’s red flag. This saw a lot of these Black Hat tactics peter out. A new solution needed to be found.
What does link building look like in 2015?
So, what can you do today without risking a penalisation from Google?
The general consensus in the industry is that content marketing now ticks a lot of the boxes that link building used to – just in a more genuine way.
If you spend time and effort creating useful and unique content which then gets discussed and shared, the links you acquire are deserved and are much more likely to appear natural. It’s not as easy or as quick as the spammy methods – but it does make sure that the sites which deserve high rankings get them (of course there are many more factors affecting rankings – we’re sticking strictly to link building here).